Connecticut (/ kəˈnɛtɪkət / (listen)) is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The Connecticut Colony, like other New England Colonies, was an exporter of rum. Connecticut colony was filled with hilly eastern uplands and narrow lowlands. The Connecticut Colonyor Colony of Connecticutwas an English colonylocated in North America that became the U.S. state of Connecticut. The oldest surviving house in Connecticut is the Henry Whitfield House in Guilford, although this building is not typical of the other houses which survive from the seventeenth century: it is made of stone and has been significantly altered over the years. Eventually, the Puritans allowed for dissenting churches (Anglicans and Baptists) and the dissenting colonists could avoid a fine if they supported their own church instead. The New England Colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut were known for being rich in forests and fur trapping. Hartford is considered as the major city. In 1632 Edward Winslow of Plymouth explored the fertile river valley. In 1687 Sir Edward Andros, a governor from another colony attempted to take control of the Connecticut Colony. However, the valley was rocky, which meant families exerted great energy to dig rocks and clear land for farming. Harbors were located throughout the region. This region of colonies had mostly people of white, English decent. Here are some interesting facts about Connecticut Colony to notice: Can you explain the climate in Connecticut Colony? With the Connecticut River to the east and fertile flat lands to the west, Hartford is found to be encircled by a flourished area of green. A map of the Connecticut Colony. Find facts about colonial Virginia here. Originally known as the River Colony, it was organized on March 3, 1636 as a haven for Puritan gentlemen. The move into the valley was part of a general movement out of the Massachusetts colony. The climate is favorable for durable crops with a six month growing period. New England. Colonial Connecticut family life was shaped significantly by the area's geography. The weather made it difficult for disease to thrive, unlike in the Southern Colonies where the heat often helped diseases to spread rapidly. More typical, are houses like the Buttolph-Williams House (fig. Natural resources in the Connecticut Colony included fish, whales, forests (timber), and some farming. The Puritans dominated Connecticut colony. Regional Overviews New England Colonies Colonies- Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut Climate/Geography – Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers.Land was flat close to the coastline but became hilly and mountainous farther inland. It shares its borders with Long Island Sound to the south, New York State to the west, Massachusetts to the north, and Rhode Island to the east. Connecticut's state song today is 'Yankee Doodle'. The colonists defeated the Pequot under the leadership of John Underhill and John Mason. The Connecticut motto is 'He who transplanted still sustains'. The Connecticut Colony's landscape was hilly, mountainous, rocky, treed, with lots of rivers and soil unsuitable for farming for most crops. Connecticut covers the southern portion of the New England section of the Appalachian Mountain system. The forest, whales and fish were some natural resources in Connecticut colony. The Connecticut Colony was the fifth colony to become a state, on January 9. The Connecticut Colony colonists prospered in several different sectors including shipbuilding, whaling, fishing, timber, fur trading, livestock, and maple syrup. Then it was used as. It later became known as the 'Charter Oak'. The economy of the people was based on the export of rum, ship building, and other manufacturing projects. Connecticut History, Language and Culture History of Connecticut. The architectural elements used in the Connecticut colonial region: New England Food Indians used nuts (walnuts, chestnuts, and acorns) that were boiled and mashed, and berries (strawberries, gooseberries, and huckleberries) eaten raw or mixed in a meal. The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania, and the Southern Colonies included Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina. It produced fishing, corn and wheat. Facts about Connecticut Colony will help you to understand a part of United States history. Connecticut colony was filled with hilly eastern uplands and narrow lowlands. Colony: The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1635/1636 by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. One of the valuable sources in the Connecticut Colony was the whale oil. The name Connecticut was derived from an Indian word meaning 'river whose water is driven by tides or winds'. Economy: Conditions for farming were … Major occupation in the New England Colonies. From colonial times, Connecticut has been predominantly a manufacturing state and a world leader in industrial development. The English Puritans, who left England in search of religious freedom and economic success, settled this region in 1620 when they landed in Plymouth. This region of colonies was known for its religious tolerance and variety of cultures, religions, and ethnic groups. After converting the southern colonies, the English monarchy established the Dominion of New England in 1686, merging the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island, together into one large royal colony. Connecticut Colony Facts The Connecticut Colony was one of the 13 original colonies in America, which were divided into three regions including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Facts about Crimean War may help you understand the event well. In 1639 The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were written, which are believed to have formed the U.S. Constitution's basis. The Connecticut Colony was an English colony until 1776 when it joined the rest of the colonies in the rebellion to gain independence from Great Britain. Home > American History. They included flour, lumber, useful hardware, shoe buckles and candle stick holders. Therefore, the farms were small, mainly to provide food for individual families. It had the mild and short summer. It was the fifth colony. Agriculture was considered as the major industry in Connecticut Colony. This interactive section allows students to click on the 13 colonies map to learn about the histories of individual colonies. The gentry were the elite with the most powers and the slaves were on the bottom rung of society.1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony.Puritanism was the dominant religion in Connecticut Colony. These settlements combined to form the Connecticut Colony in 1633, founded by Thomas Hooker. Unlike Plymouth, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire, Connecticut Colony was founded by the Puritans of Massachusetts Bay. They were Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Connecticut Colony climate was the same as the other New England Colonies which included long cold winters and mild summers. The rocky soil in Connecticut colony made the people face the hardship to grow … The first European settlement in the Connecticut Colony occurred in Windsor, and then in the Hartford and Wethersfield areas in 1633. It contains three major regions: the Western Upland, the Central Lowland (Connecticut River valley), and the Eastern Upland. ; People: The people who settled and lived in the Connecticut Colony were colonists who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 looking for more religious and economic freedoms.The Colony of Connecticut was formed in 1636. Despite the poor soil and farming conditions, colonists in the Connecticut Colony were able to grow some crops including beans, corn, pumpkins, squash, and rye. *The shoreline along Connecticut is a rich area for fishing and shell fishing. Shipbuilding. Puritans under Thomas Hooker Emigrate to Connecticut. The rocky soil in Connecticut colony made the people face the hardship to grow crops. Each colonist would be fined if they did not attend the local church. Dutch navigator Adriaen Block journeyed to the Connecticut River in 1614 and claimed the region as part of New Netherland. The Connecticut Colony was one of the 13 original colonies in America, which were divided into three regions including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The people could not do farming because the soil was infertile. Post-Medieval English Houses. Colony Of Connecticut A Brief History "Connecticut derives its name from its principal river, called by the Indians Quonehtacut, and which, in their language, signified 'the long river.'. Thomas Hooker and others established Connecticut Colony at Hartford in 1636. he first English settlers arrived in Connecticut in 1633 under the leadership of Reverend Thomas Hooker. The settlers were Dutch, having arrived from New Netherlands (present day New York). They came looking for freedom of religion. The state of Connecticut can be geographically divided into five distinct land regions: The Dutch set up a prosperous fur trade with the native inhabitants. The winter season was colder and longer. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. One of the important events regarding the Connecticut colony was the Pequot war which occurred in 1637. The Northeastern Region is comprised of eleven states, and... See full answer below. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut.It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. Between 1636 and 1637 the Pequot War was fought between the settlers of the Connecticut Colony and the Pequot Indians. The Connecticut Colony was founded by Puritans and there was no tolerance for other religions. The New England Colonies included New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. In 1614 a Dutchman named Adriaen Block became the first explorer of the Connecticut Valley. The founding of the Connecticut colony began in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River valley in what is now the town of Hartford. The war resulted in decimation of the Indians. Connecticut is located in the northeastern region of United States. Login to Parents and Teachers: While MrNussbaum.com and its 10,000+ activities are always free, if you wish to subscribe to MrN 365, enter the coupon code "winterbreak" to receive 60 (YES 60!) Connecticut Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. The capital city is Hartford. Connecticut is in the Northeast Region (aka the New England Region) of the United States. Dutch explorers were the first to touch ground in modern day Connecticut, and by 1623 were regularly trading with the local Native Americans. Two years later, in 1688, New York and New Jersey were added to the Dominion. The Connecticut colony was part of the New England group of colonies. The colony was named Connecticut colony. Regions > > > Connecticut. Many of you have heard about such kind, Learn Facts about Attack on Pearl Harbor if you want to know the surprise military strike by the Japanese, Facts about Anglo Saxons talk about the people who lived in Great Britain in the fifth century. After signing the Treaty of Hartford in 1650, the Dutch withdrew, leaving room for the expanding English colonies to take hold of the region. It was deeded in 1636 to Thomas Hooker, although what would become present-day Hartford was actually founded a few years earlier. Over the years, various political debates arose over such issues as slavery, temperance, religious influence on governance, women’s suffrage, and even where to locate the state capital. In 1636, the English arrived when a large group of Puritans from Massachusetts led by Thomas Hooker founded the Colony of Connecticut at the city of Hartford. It is considered as one of the major states in United States. The people, Facts about Constantinople present the detail information about the capital city of Byzantine Empire. The fertile Connecticut River Valley lent itself to farming crops such as corn and wheat. It was colder if you compare it with other colonies. Connecticut Region:New England colony When were they:1635 Industry:wheat, corn, fishing Who founded :Thomas Hooker Economy:The major products of the Connecticut colony were manufactured. (New England Colony) It was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and his supporters for religious freedom and seperation of church from state after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay. He demanded the charter, but the charter was hidden in an oak tree. Initially an Nicknames given to Connecticut over the years include the Constitution State, the Nutmeg State, the Land of Steady Habits, and the Provisions State. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. Are you impressed after reading facts about Connecticut Colony? However, the mountains were filled with lush trees. When Connecticut was still a colony, her factories were already important enough to draw angry complaints from competitors in England. Check facts about Colonial slavery here. In 1639 they adopted a constitution called the "Fundamental Orders." On 9 January 1788, Connecticut became one of states in U.S. The people use this oil for their lamps. The Connecticut Colony was one of the four New England Colonies which also included the New Hampshire Colony, the Massachusetts Colony, and the Rhode Island Colony. Founded the Colony of Connecticut because of its potential for the fur trade. However, it had less disease. The Fundamental Orders of 1639, the first written constitution in the American colonies, and the Charter of 1662 represent Connecticut’s earliest efforts to establish a representative form of government. The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1636 by a colonist named Thomas Hooker. Become a … Even though the people could not grow wheat, they could plant squash, rye, pumpkins, corn and beans here. Whaling was important to the colonists as it provided oil for lanterns. Connecticut Colony had four distinct classes: the gentry, the middle class, the indentured servants, and the slaves. The status of Connecticut colony was as a Charter colony in 1775. The area that contained the colonies Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire, New England, had created its own sort of social distinctiveness. Later, it is called Connecticut. 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