To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. c. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines: The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. God did not announce that Eli would also die the same day. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. For such a thing has never happened before. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. Now the proof of judgment came. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (For such a thing has never happened before), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues). (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? The ancient Greeks in their mourning often shaved off their hair: -, Τουτο νυ και γερας οιον οΐζυροισι βροτοισι,π. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of, Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. Bible > Commentaries > 1 Samuel 5:4 1 Samuel 5:4 And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD; and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off on the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him. When Saul’s son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost heart, and all Israel was troubled. But she answered not - She paid no attention to what the women had said concerning her having borne a son; that information she regarded not. God humbled them that he might exalt them; he suffered his glory for a time to become eclipsed, that he might afterwards cause it to break out with the greater effulgence. devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. God showed He was greater than the ark. i. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. i. b. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel --The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison). : Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God. How vapid, diffused, and alliterated, is the report of the messenger in the Persae of Aeschylus, who comes to the queen with the tremendous account of the destruction of the whole naval power of the Persians, at the battle of Salamis? Moses told the priests to lead the ark into battle against the Midianites (Numbers 31:6). how is thy glorious state, Vanish'd at once, and all thy spreading honors, That bears unhappy tidings; but constraint. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. The Philistines consult how to send back the ark. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. 1 and, for all Israel, the word of Samuel was as the word of Yahweh; since Eli was very old and his sons persisted in their wicked behaviour towards Yahweh. i. Yet we often resist God as well, instead of submitting to Him. God is come into the camp - They took for granted, as did the Israelites, that his presence was inseparable from his ark or shrine. : The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. (19-21) Commentary on 1 Samuel 6:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 6:1 … The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. Christians need to show more of this courage. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. This is another proof that this book was compiled after the times and transactions which it records, and probably from memoranda which had been made by a contemporary writer. Put themselves in array - There is no doubt that both the Philistines and Israelites had what might be called the art of war, according to which they marshalled their troops in the field, constructed their camps, and conducted their retreats, sieges, etc. And the messenger answered - Never was a more afflictive message, containing such a variety of woes, each rising above the preceding, delivered in so few words. The battle commences; the Israelites are again defeated, with the loss of thirty thousand men; Hophni and Phinehas are among the slain; and the ark of the Lord is taken, 1 Samuel 4:10, 1 Samuel 4:11. Later, Saul brought the ark into battle (1 Samuel 14:18), as did David (2 Samuel 11:11). God forbid! The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. (5) Israel’s confidence in the Ark of the Covenant. ", Κατθεμεν εν λεχεεσσι καθηραντες χροα καλονπ, Ὑδατι τε λιαρῳ και αλειφατι· πολλα δε σ ' αμφιςπ. “Thus as God was no loser by this event, so the Philistines were no gainers by it; and Israel, all things considered, received more good than hurt by it, as we shall see.” (Poole), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? “Their idea was that God should be forced to fight for them. iii. ii. These mighty Gods - האדרים האלהים מיד miyad haelohim haaddirim, from the hand of these illustrious Gods. We can make good things idols. Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What, the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews, ?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Woe to us! The taking of the ark was a great judgment upon Israel, and a certain token of God's displeasure... View the entire commentary. Many circumstances that we regard as a calamity, God uses in a marvelous way to glorify Himself. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and … Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. (1-10) God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house. In 1 Samuel 3:3 the ark was in Shiloh and Samuel lived there. 4 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. All Israel shouted - Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. In chap. i. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), : “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. the whole barbaric host is fallen. b. “Instead of attempting to get right with God, these Israelites set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. i. Persians! The anguish was too great, and, : For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. b. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. In this respect most of us have imitated them. And wrapp'd his senses in the cloud of grief. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. The Lord of hosts - See on 1 Samuel 1:3; (note). If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? 3. (1Sa 4:1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. IV. ii. He did so: the imperialists were totally defeated, Mantua surrendered, and the campaign for that year (1796) was concluded. : Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. 2. The earth shook: “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. 1 Samuel 8 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. But they should have been confident, knowing God was well able to take care of Himself. a. Let us fetch the ark - They vainly supposed that the ark could save them, when the God of it had departed from them because of their wickedness. And all this he does in four simple assertions. CHAPTER 4 1 Samuel 4:1-11. Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? Now Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle and they camped beside Ebenezer while the Philistines camped at Aphek. As it turned out, God did not feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. i. Worried about His reputation? The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. a. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. 1. i. We, like them, often know God is greater and deserves our submission. iii. In the late 1970’s, a five-line inscription was found on a grain silo in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh. Then the man said to Eli, “I am he who came from the battle. 2. No man ever died with such benevolent and religious feelings, and yet perished. the cherubim. We find the same custom expressed in one line by Catullus: -. God is a Person, not a genie to be summoned at the will of man. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". God has come into the camp! c. The glory has departed: The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. And he had judged Israel forty years. 2 Samuel 4 – The Assassination of Ishbosheth A. Ishbosheth is murdered. It was situated in the tribe of Judah, between Mizpeh and Shen, and not far from the Aphek here mentioned. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). 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