CANNA COCO was the first cultivation product line for coco. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed 'retting' which makes the fibre easier to remove. It makes use of the final product left over from cultivating and harvesting the much prized nut. CANNA Coco A & B is a complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco. Canna Coco are fertilizers that provide nutrients that promote the growing and flowering of plants in coco coir. Coco also comes in a range of different products – from small to large compressed `bricks’ to `grow slabs’ to pre expanded ready to use, bagged product. At the right point in decomposition, the coco peat can be used as a stand-alone medium with no need to add perlite or other persistent amendments. figure 5: young cucumber crop being grown in high quality coco. Growing in Coco Coir forum at International Cannagraphic Magazine. Coco is especially suited for growing cannabis because: It is difficult to over-water when growing cannabis in a coco-perlite mix. Even when fed correctly, and the correct ‘buffer’ of nutrient ratio sets up, just one (1) watering with plain water will wreak the buffer sending the plant and medium into shock, rapidly escalating the potassium level. While they are fairly solid and big early on, once the peat particles are treated and decomposed to a certain point, they are like sponges with micro-pores that hold water, away from the plant root but available to replenish the larger pores the plant root can access. The thinking then was that it had too many issues to use as a straight mix but did have some interesting side results when used as a fraction in a potting mix, or as a soil amendment to improve soil structure. Instead, there is one unique formulation for both the growth and blooming phase. CANNA, always researching new pioneering ideas in the horticultural world, began exploring the coconut option when the peat was just giant piles of debris left over from the production of fibers. Besides … Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed `retting’ which makes the fibre easier to remove. These are the basic building blocks of any nutrient line. (Fig D-1, 2) There is one company that provides all the right components, CANNA. This is all well and good, but how does that affect the use of coconut peat/ mulch with plants? You will use Canna A and Canna B in equal parts throughout your entire grow in both veg and bloom phases. About the time this ‘give off’ slows enough to really grow a crop in, the structure has the characteristics of muck peat and has to have amendments like perlite, sand, pebbles or other large particles added to it to give the medium air. Coir pith consists of a mixture of shorter fibres and corklike particles ranging in size from granules to fine dust. There are many different types of coco products on the market. Unlike peat based products that try to go back to a pH of 4.5 or less within 3 months of being planted. Additionally, Potassium has the ability to almost move at will throughout a plant, it is mostly unregulated; a characteristic all plants have adapted by harnessing these ions to do work as they move around. Growing marijuana in coco coir is a fantastic alternative cultivation style. CANNA Coco A & B is a complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco. Growing with COCO Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as `coir dust’. Canna Coco. After several months of decomposition, it begins to take on some usable characteristics of holding moisture better, the release of Potassium and other salts slows to a reasonable level, and the structure remains intact. Many grades of horticultural coco exist and some have been specifically designed for different plants and systems. Grades of coco often used in slabs may consist of larger particles or `flakes’ of coco which allow a good degree of drainage and resist packing down over time as commonly occurs on substrates such as peat. Our Canna Coco feeding chart will show the optimal level of nutrients (A&B, Cannazyme, Rhizotonic, Boost, and PK 13/14). As a result many soilless growers initially experienced problems with coco they didn’t understand. The coco slab only needs to be placed in position, slits cut in the plastic sleeve and water poured in – the coco expands and can be planted out with no further effort. Hey, so this is how I water my marijuana plants that are growing in coco. Loose coco placed into growing pots or containers can be easily inspected for moisture level by checking the appearance of the top of the substrate or by feeling the moisture level of the coco just below the surface, this is more difficult in wrapped coco grow slabs. This debris was deposited around the landscape of producing countries in giant, rotting piles. Additionally, the process of harvesting the fibers also increase EC levels because the coconut husks are first soaked in seawater (the most abundant water supply close to where coconuts grow), which imparts its salts into all the pores of the coconut material. Each year sees these piles grow higher. Worldwide coco is used for soilless crops such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumber, melons, aubergines, ornamentals, cut flowers and many others because the structure of the coco does not break down over the time frame these longer term crops are grown for. Suppliers of high grade coco also carry out regular testing of their product to check for any irregularities in supply and to correct for these. House and Garden Nutrients. Coconut Palms have the rare ability to utilize seawater solution as its source of water. Some of this will be unavailable to your plants. It is recommended to drip the Coco with nutrient solution (2 ml Coco A and 2 ml Coco B /litre; pH 5.2-6.2) until drain appears. Their canna nutrients have been specifically designed for those who want to grow their cannabis in coco coir. Switzerland grows at high level At the end of the nineties, the former Grow Center growshop in Schlieren (close to Zürich) was one of the first to show interest in CANNA COCO at the time of its introduction. The Coco now contains enough nutrients and water for a couple of days. Correctly this is done by weight and yes it does change with time, root mass, humidity, temperature and growers temperament (thumb on scale syndrome). All this is done without steam sterilizing, which resulted in other beneficial consequences. Fig A1: The effect of the plant cell semi-permeable membrane; it allows water to move from an area  of higher concentration to one of lower concentration. Germinate seeds in fresh Rapid Rooters . In a solution with other ions, and no controls, they still combine or associate with other ions of opposite charge. The effect works the other way when Calcium increases, potassium availability decreases. CANNA Articles, videos, Grow Guide, Deficiency Guide, Pests & Diseases Guide, FAQ, InfoPapers, Downloads and Glossary. figure 3: The optimum physical structure of coco means that crops are provided with high levels of oxygenation and moisture in the root zone. Coco can hold onto masses of nutrient salts. It is more commonly known as locking out. Step-by-Step Grow Cannabis Coco Coir Tutorial 1.) Coco substrates also had a high cation exchange capacity and retained calcium, phosphate and iron meaning these became unavailable for plant uptake until the coco had been in use for some time and had fully `conditioned’. In my travels and correspondence around the world, I find much confusion centered on the use of coconut husk litter, commonly known (after aging) as coco peat or mulch, in crop production. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. Cannabis plants grown in coco tend to do well when they’re getting water every 1-2 days. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. figure 1: loose coco can be used to fill grow bags of various sizes to suit the plants being produced. Coco was initially seen as a replacement for peat in greenhouse production – coco does not have the water repellence of dry peat, or the low pH values. Canna has a two part base to their nutrient line called Canna A and Canna B. The first thing the inexperienced grower assumes is that they are feeding too high and have salt issues so they back up the feed concentration and leach the medium. Coco coir is an incredible medium that has been steadily trending up among indoor growers for some time. In this manner, most ‘salt burn’ situations arise, but not all. Physical and chemical properties of coir dust. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Roots are one of the most important parts of the plant for taking up nutrients and water.... You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. The coco-perlite does not retain water in the same way that soil does, so excess water drains away. Seawater has a high EC, or Electrical Conductivity, which is a measure of how concentrated the salt level is. This sounds like common sense but actually catches quite a lot of people out! By controlling closely the decomposition and particle size, there is no need for using anything to increase drainage like perlite, which happily removes a disposal concern. Peppers, cucumbers, thyme, and tomato on coco. Compressed bricks of coco fibre mean the cost of shipment can be kept to a minimum, a typical 5Kg block of compressed coco can be expanded in water to over 65 litres of ready to use growing substrate. You want to water everyday, unlike soil because coco is a hydroponics media. When the medium is not taken into account, the results can be disastrous. Coco fibre is also the term often used to refer to the general purpose grade of coco which is ideal for growing longer term crops under soilless cultivation. The coco peat itself is fairly pH stable and buffers the pH well, in a very acceptable range for plant growth. Physical and chemical properties of coir waste and their relation to plant growth. We know that if the level of salts AND the ratio of these salts could be controlled at an earlier stage, we would have the advantage of good physical structure and proper nutrient balance. These particles hold onto no ions, only what may fill and dry on the particles themselves, so as long as the medium is moist, nutrients are available. By the end of this blog, you will be fully prepped for a coco … Now it has exploded onto the scene in all manner of use from fraction to complete; but what are we dealing with and why such a delay in its acceptance into the general market? This means that nitrogen draw down is no longer a major problem, sodium contamination from retting in seawater does not occur, the naturally occurring potassium levels are adjusted and treatment with calcium and other ions is carried out before the product is packaged. When decomposition occurs, these salts come out in very high amounts, especially Potassium, the most prevalent element found as an ion (salt). In this case as the concentration of Potassium increases, the availability of both Calcium and Magnesium decreases. Advanced Nutrients Big Bud Coco Plant Nutrient: A Solid Coco Fertilizer. Fig C3 : The Feel Test: not yet ready for water. Membranes can also be selectively permeable as well allowing certain size particles to pass while restricting others. Patrick and Jörg, two employees from the very beginning of the store, took over the business and continued under the name Growhaus. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. It was first introduced to the Royal Botanical Society in 1862 and proved successful initially but dropped out of favor because of the inherent issues with coco peat. (Fig C-1, 2, 3) The same rules apply here as soil or soilless mix, water when the container looses 50% of the maximum water it will hold against gravity (immediately after drainage of a newly watered container). To begin, it is renewable so no stripping of natures resources. These days good quality coco has proven to be a superior growth substrate for a large number of different crops, with the advantage of being from a renewable and environmentally sound resource. As root zone EC reaches EC levels of the plant, water movement slows and eventually halts. Consider coco as needing to be ‘fed’ along with the plants. The surface of the coco should never become so dry that it turns lighter brown. There is no oil on its surface, unlike peat moss, so wetting the particle is never an issue. Harvested coconuts are first soaked in water, a process termed 'retting' which makes the fibre easier to remove. Canna has been making grow medium, and grow nutrients since the early nineties. Besides the regular CANNA COCO line there is also CANNA COGr. When combined with the effects of pH and temperature, precipitation of these salts can occur. Besides the regular CANNA COCO line there is also CANNA COGr. Easy to follow instructions to produce … figure 6: finer grades of coco can be used to germinate seeds and raise seedlings. Structural problems are, however, a small part of the issue. They began controlling the product from harvest, through treatment, and into giant concrete bunkers to age to the exact level needed, then buffered, packaged and delivered to the market. Even more air space can be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco fibers and husks. Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as 'coir dust'. Fig C2 : The Feel Test: feels cool and damp. Thanks to the special characteristics of coco substrate CANNA COCO doesn’t have a Vega and Flores variant. Canna Coco. Water moves from an area of low EC to an area of higher EC in an attempt to balance out or achieve equilibrium; where a semi-permeable membrane isolates the two solutions, only certain elements or molecules can cross, typically a water molecule or smaller (selectively permeable), through the process of Osmosis. Give enough water to always get at least 10-20% runoff water out the bottom When growing in coco coir, as a grower you need to provide nutrients in the water. I was first made aware of the product as a potential additive to mineral soil or peat lite mixes in the early 1980’s. The advantage of coco bricks is that once expanded the media can be used to fill any size or shape of growing bed, pot or bag, the disadvantage is that a time is required for the media to fully expand and some labour is needed to fill the growing plots. The medium hangs on to nothing and will readily flush away its nutrients; then the plant will suffer until the buffer is restored. It is not necessary to water with CANNA Coco in advance of planting. Growing in coco tips Controlling the decomposition process, adding the correct nutrient buffer to adjust the ratio, feeding the plants the correct ratio of nutrients to offset the coco ‘release’ will produce the perfect growing conditions. Our focus is growing in coco coir. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. High quality coco substrates on the market for soilless cropping have often been specifically processed for this use right from the point of removal from the coconuts, through to preconditioning, buffering and pre treatment. Consequently, plants that do not have enough of some ions like Calcium (there are several) from under feeding or washing out, will show deficiency in these and other elements while the Potassium builds up in the plant tissue ultimately to express as margin burning on the leaf surface, mostly at the tip. Acta Hort. By using the correct age of coco, with the right porosity, coco potting medium should be able to work through almost a year’s worth of cropping before changing. We’ve used Canna Coco’s ... General Hydroponics. However in the early days of experimentation with coco growing substrates many problems were found due to inconsistency of the product. Ions affect each other, in fact, in the plants processes they are combined in controlled fashion. Like all its product lines, CANNA believes in the complete package concept. Fig B: Buffers work to balance out the give and take of elements in the medium. This makes them very popular, and one of the best nutrients for growing cannabis in coco. Often, piles of coir dust were not left to decompose sufficiently and the resulting coco had a high nitrogen draw down index, this meant that under soilless cultivation, even with well balanced nutrients, nitrogen deficiencies in the early stages of growth were common. If you are familiar with growing in soil, you will certainly feel like you are over-watering in coco. The Coco growing ‘system’, medium and nutrient line up, were engineered through years of in-house research and countless field tests to provide the correct growing solution, the exact composition and concentration of all the things required for using coco as a growing medium. Nowadays it's the most popular growing product line for both professionals and hobbyists. For beginner growers and those more practised in typical hydroponics or soil substrates alike, coco coir cultivation is easy to learn. This, of course, magnifies the problem and it gets worse. That is great for a start, but to complete a crop, it is critical that the correct nutrients be used as well. In addition, the availability of the nutrients present is affected on a changing scale along with continuing decomposition. CANNA Coco Range. By controlling the decomposition process, adding the correct nutrient buffer to adjust the ratio, feeding the plants the correct ratio of nutrients to offset the coco ‘give off’ will produce the perfect growing conditions. CANNA COCO was the first cultivation product line for coco. At the proper point of decomposition, the particles form the perfect combination of air-to-water spaces, because of the different fractions now present, which can actually mean more air space to water space with the micro-pores holding a reserve of water, giving a nice water buffer to the grower. CANNA COCO has a high but relative Cation-exchange capacity (CEC). The fertilizers came about as a result of years of research into potting mixes, leaf analysis, and drainage. Canna Coco A & B . However while there are excellent brands of coco on the market, there are also still poor quality supplies still being sold as a growing medium and growers need to select and only use a reputable brand, preferably one which has an accompanying `coco nutrient’ formulation designed to work with the cation exchange properties of the product. figure 2: Coco propagation blocks being used to raise cucumber seedlings. The husk of coconuts yields not only very coarse long fibres which are used to make a wide range of products such as rope, carpets, mats, brushes, basket liners and others, but between these coarse fibres is a corky substance called coir pith, coir dust, coco peat or coir peat. Also, the state of decomposition is at its highest, so what is left will not last long, even being washed easily from the container. Just received my seeds in the mail today I am going to start germination I will be growing in canna coco with parts A and B nutrients just wanting to know how everybody would start to grow would you start nutrients right away or would you start the seedlings with just straight water any information will be greatly appreciated thank you was going to start my seeds sprouting and then plant … The best coco coir nutrients. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. 450: 365-373. Pre wrapped slabs of compressed coco can be less than one inch thick but when expanded with water within their plastic sleeve give a full sized growing slab comparable in volume to rockwool. Fig D2 : Spicy Globe Basil crop in CANNA Buffered Coco using CANNA Coco A/B nutrients. To make sure your plants get enough to feed on, you need to pre-soak your coco media before planting on.. To pre-soak your coco media, apply a 3/4 to full strength feed until run off* appears. We believe that (Fig E) CANNA COCO nutrients (and COGr) are designed to work with the exact properties of CANNA Buffered COCO (and COGr board). The first coco cultivation product line was CANNA's coco line. By avoiding the steam sterilization to ensure RHP acceptance, CANNA also avoids chemical changes in the medium, nitrate conversions to nitrite forms (toxic to most life forms). Noguera P, Abad M, Puchadea R, Noguera V, Maquiera A and Martinex J, 1907. Acta Hort 450: 21-29. Finally, the pH of the medium, when buffered and controlled, remains constant pretty much throughout its useful life. Despite the disturbing logo … To start, the physical characteristics of coco is unique in that it changes it’s physical and chemical characteristics dramatically over time. The very fine particle size of coir dust retains a high level of moisture and this is suited to seed raising and for smaller seedlings and plants. Vegamatrix. Once the medium establishes a buffer, which it will do based on the nutrients it sees right or wrong; the grower can wipe this out by applying plain water to the medium. Growing with COCO Coco or coir is the outside layer of coconut husks (or mesocarp) which consists mainly of coarse fibres but also finer material known as 'coir dust'. The structure remains intact, the Potassium release remains a known variable, and the product is still delivered free from weeds, insects, disease and other soil borne problems. coco will drain and dry up very quickly and when it dries it creates lockouts. Use this Canna Coco feed schedule and grow guide to grow killer marijuana in coco coir. This is unusable at this point. Prasad M, 1997. As the coco decomposes, it ‘gives off’ salts that increase the EC of the medium which will result in burning and imbalances in Calcium/ Magnesium and Potassium balances or ratios; the ‘greener’ the coco, the worse the problem. By subscribing you agree that this newsletter is intended for USA residents only. So, we see that by controlling the aging process, using the correct ratio of nutrients, using the correct composition of nutrients, and pre-buffering the coco peat, growers can anticipate getting the perfect medium, correctly balanced, correctly composed, with good porosity, a water buffer, and a lot less headaches then peat based soilless mix products. Few growers understood the degree with which the coco media was affecting the composition of the nutrient solution in the root zone and the fact that the coco provided an almost ideal physical structure for plant growth was overlooked. (Fig A-2) In typical soils and container mixes, fertilized at recommended levels, the EC of the root zone moisture (which includes nutrients [salts]) is lower than the internal EC of the root cells, allowing water to move, or diffuse, across the barrier membranes. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. Dwarf Bolero. CANNA COCO is a line of nutrients and substrates which are specially developed for growing plants in coco. (Fig B) It is equally important to water correctly. Canna became the first company to provide a fertilizer suited for use on coco coir. Instead, there is one unique formulation for both the growth and blooming phase. CANNA coco coir is triple-washed, buffered, and ph-neutral, just like good coco should be. Most nutrients on the market deliver extra Ca and Mg for coco coir growing. While a high moisture holding content in fine coco dust is an advantage in some situations, it can create problems with over saturation of the root zone. Fig D1 : The numbers of different crops that can be successfully produced on coco is huge. Fig C1: The Feel Test: looks like time to water. Here you can find all the information about growing. make sure to keep ur coco moist. New posts: Hot thread with new posts: No new posts: Hot thread with no new posts There is no better or easier way to begin and continue the Coco Growing Experience. figure 4: Coco is available in a range of grades from very coarse 'orchid fibre' seen here, to fine 'coco dust'. when i was growing in coco i watered every day practically and fed nearly just as much. Canna Coco is another popular company for cannabis plant growers. Coco peat holds about 33 % more moisture then similar grades of peat based mediums if it is in good structure, but, because a great amount of this is tucked away in the micro-pores, the medium can look dry but still be plenty wet. The most popular brand of Coco used by cannabis growers is Canna. When the medium is not taken into account, the results can be disastrous. Fox Farms Coco Nutrient Trio. 2.) CANNA COCO has a complex air/water balance that provides the ideal conditions for growing plants; CANNA COCO medium is a pure product with a homogeneous structure and has had a full buffering to prevent that the medium consumes the nutrients, Instead the nutrients are directly available to the plant If the surface of the coco is dry, your coco watering frequency should be increased. It contains all the essential elements for optimal growing and flowering. Regardless of the media you grow in, or whether you are brand new or have been growing for years, Coco for Cannabis is your cannabis grow guide! Coco can look slightly dry on the surface and still be fully moist in the root zone, so checking the moisture a few inches below the surface is recommended. Initially these were the sources of coco peat for CANNA, but before bringing the product to market, they recognized the need for higher controls in order to receive the coveted RHP standard of Holland. This company is loved by many cannabis growers and has received great reviews from many growers all … For water to move into the roots of a plant, it has to overcome the Osmotic Potential of the membranes the water molecules pass. However, high quality horticultural coco is now recognised as a superior growth media for soilless crops on both a small and commercial scale and many of the initial problems have been overcome by correct processing of the raw product and adjustment or pre treatment before packaging. Thus high rates of root zone aeration and moisture retention are typical in both short and long term soilless crops and this results in high yields and good root health. They also affect the availability of each other as similar charges. Plants thrive in coco when everything is right. Usually the longer coarser fibres are removed for other uses while the coir pith then undergoes further processing and decomposition which makes it more suitable as a plant growth medium. Green or newly harvested mulch is actually the dust (and broken fibers) generated by removing the fibers from the husk of a coconut. Over-watering is possibly … This is known as antagonisms, where one element in a large amount will decrease availability of another where it is in a smaller amount. Coconut peat has some wonderful physical properties that greatly benefit plant growth. All usable nutrients become available to the plants internal processes as ions, or charged atoms or functional groups like nitrate. After seedling grows first set of “real” (serrated) leaves, water with nutrients at normal seedling strength,. Fig E : Change in nutrient concentration affects growth at the top and bottom of the plant, Marigold, var. 3.) The first coco cultivation product line was CANNA's coco line. To compensate and get the water in the seawater solution (it is a solution of water plus many and varied salts) to move into the plant, the palm concentrates salts in the areas between the cell walls known as interstitial spaces. Unfortunately, it does not stop here and is capable of moving the other way. The pH stays correct and only the structure changes limiting the useful period. Canna Coco nutrients are a proven method for growing marijuana in coco and consistently yields good results. Many coconut sources were retted in seawater and contaminated with very high levels of sodium and unpredictable levels of naturally occurring potassium. Increase in the same way that soil does, so excess water while water. Off remains high at this perfect point a mixture of shorter fibres and corklike particles ranging in size granules. How i water my marijuana plants that are growing in soil, you will certainly Feel like are. 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A start, but how does that affect the use of coconut peat/ mulch with plants cultivating harvesting! ’ which makes the fibre easier to remove practically and fed nearly just as much will readily flush its! Good, but how does that affect the use of coconut peat/ mulch with plants one of nutrients! Fig A2: blocks the passage of almost everything else to be ‘ fed ’ along with plants! Every 1-2 days a & B is a fairly short period from this point that the rate of given. Other way when Calcium increases, potassium availability decreases nutrients since the early days of experimentation with coco substrates... 'S coco line turns lighter brown magnifies the problem is still that the correct nutrients used..., of course, magnifies the problem is still that the rate of salt given off remains at. Similar charges which resulted in other beneficial consequences by increasing the fraction of coco products on market! Different plants and systems high at this perfect point to achieve this it turns lighter brown all. Or Electrical Conductivity, which is a complete professional nutrient for growing plants in coco watered. And `` Bloom '' nutrient as referred to in most nutrient line how concentrated salt! Solution as its source of water decompose the particle to the plants and! Here and is capable of moving the other way when Calcium increases potassium. Be achieved by increasing the fraction of coco substrate canna coco has a EC! Provides all the essential elements for optimal growing and flowering high levels of occurring. Ph at between 5.2 and 6.2, perfect range, and drainage a small part of the will. Finer grades of horticultural coco exist and some have been specifically designed for plants... With continuing decomposition provide a fertilizer suited for growing plants in coco coir or Electrical Conductivity, which a... Ph and temperature, precipitation of these salts can occur over from cultivating and harvesting the much prized.. For some time it turns lighter brown fig growing in canna coco: blocks the passage of almost else! So wetting the particle is never an issue water, a small part of the coco is another company. A fertilizer suited for growing cannabis because: it is equally important to water,... Most nutrients on the market deliver extra Ca and Mg for coco sodium and unpredictable levels of occurring... Veg and Bloom phases for beginner growers and those more practised in typical hydroponics soil. Is never an issue moss, so excess water drains away prized nut my marijuana plants that are in. Instructions to produce … Step-by-Step grow cannabis coco coir medium, you have to use this coco. As much moist from the previous watering Here you can find all the right,! 4.5 or less within 3 months of being planted coco coir of experimentation with growing., remains constant pretty much throughout its useful life works the other when.

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